text on the web page is the script of the cable television show about
the Patapsco Guard, developed by the Howard County Genealogical
Since that date, additional information about the
circumstances surrounding the death of John T. Redman have come to
Here is the full newspaper article on the murder.
Source: Kittochtinny Historical Society, Chambersburg, PA It has
no date except Dec. 1864.
SOLDIER SHOT ~ on
Saturday night last a melancholy affair took place at a German drinking
saloon on East Market Street which resulted in the death of John
Redman, a member of the Patapsco Guard, now doing provost duty in our
town. The circumstances are about as follows.
Redman and several others were in the saloon playing dominoes, when
Lieut. Underhill, post Provost Marshall, and finding they were out
without passes, ordered them back to camp. The men fled out
of the back door to get away from the Lieut. who ordered them to
halt. They did not obey the order and he fired four times
after them, two of the balls entering Redman, one in the back and
lodging in his bowels, causing death in a short time.
A post mortem examination was made by Dr's Suesseroff and Montgomery,
and a coroner's inquest held by Esquire Hammen which rendered a verdict
in accordance with the foregoing facts---Lieut. Underhill is under
military arrest and will be tried by court martial.
Another interesting piece
of information was provided by the men who are writing the book on the
1st New York Artillery, Battery A. While researching
material for their book, they came upon several letters written by the
men in Underhill's company.
A soldier who was in
Underhill's company wrote a letter telling his father a story of a
battle in which Lt. Underhill ordered the men to unhitch the horse from
one of the caissons, upon which Underhill rode the horse to the rear of
the line and proceeded to hide behind a boulder until the fighting
soldier told his father that the army must sure be hard up for soldiers
if they picked a man a cowardly as Underhill. (This is an
indirect quote; we do not have the exact text of the soldier's letter.)
John T. Redman
have researched the military career of Lt. Underhill at the National
and their findings cast an interesting light on this incident.
to Redman family tradition, a drunken sergeant confronted Pvt. Redman
a barbershop and demanded that Redman salute him. Before Redman
respond, the story goes, the sergeant shot and killed him.
Here is what was uncovered at the
1. A charge was leveled against
Underhill for theft. A civilian had brought his horse (with saddle) to
the camp where Underhill was assigned. When the civilian went to get
horse, the saddle had disappeared. When a search of the camp was made,
it was found that Underhill had stolen it.
2. He was court martialed on
21, 1864, for the charge of "violation of the 5th article of War" for
event that happened in October of 1863. Specifically, the charge was as
follows "...the said Lt. Edward H. Underhill, Battery A, 1st New York
did use contemptuous and disrespectable words against the President of
the United States and against the government of the United States using
the following words: 'I hold no commission under this
damned Lincoln-nigger government or administration. I hold my
from Gov. Seymour (democrat, New York) who is a gentlemen.' This at
Pa. on or about the 10th day of October 1863."
Underhill (whose home state
York) was found guilty and the court sentenced him "to be dismissed
the service of the United States". "The proceedings...were
by the Major General commanding and the record forwarded to
President directs that the sentence be commuted to 'loss of pay proper
for six months' by the Order of the Secretary of War."
3. On January 11, 1865, Lt.
was charged with "murder with malice aforethought" in connection with
shooting of John T. Redman. Court Martial dropped the "malice
part of the charge, but tried him for "murder". Underhill pled "not
The court martial found Underhill not guilty of murder, but did find
guilty of man-slauqhter. His sentence was "to be dismissed from the
of the United States with loss of all pay and allowances since Dec. 3,
1864 (which was the date he shot John Redman); he was to be imprisoned
for the period of two years...he was to pay a fine of $250 and stand
(to prison) until the fine is paid in full."
the fine and imprisonment were commuted.
4. "The proceedings
findings and sentence
of the Commission in the case of .Underhill were approved by the proper
commander and the record forwarded for the action of the President of
United States. The findings and sentence are disapproved and Lt.
will be restored to duty. By order of the Secretary of War."
Other descendants of John
provided more information. He was married to Anna Mary Holland
(Redman, Culler) Movember 15, 1863. Anna Mary and John had a son,
William Redman, who was born on June 21, 1864. After the
death of her
husband, Anna Mary tried unsuccessfully to obtain a pension for her son
John William. With each application she was repeatedly
never gave up her appeals for a pension and continued her quest up to
her death in 1942.
Lt. Edward Underhill was
never made to serve his punishment or pay the fine ordered at his court
martial. He was actually restored to duty. He
was from a very prominent family in New York and his family connections
kept him from punishment. Two men who are trying to collect
data on the men who served in the 1st Light Artillery were puzzled at
Lt. Underhill's constant movement from one regiment to
another. It seems that nobody really wanted him in their
company and he was constantly being transferred from one company to
There was no
information on the location of his burial in his pension